Microbiology

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Chemical Pathology
Chemical Pathology & Endocrinology is state of the art department with TLA (Total Lab Automation) providing diagnostic facilities round the clock backed up with stringent QC (Quality Control) Competent consultants and staff are working round the clock for the provision of diagnostic facilities in accordance with ISO 15189 standards meeting the international levels. Endocrine clinic has the capabilities of latest diagnostic modalities equipped to perform various dynamic function tests....
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FMSL
Forensic Medical Sciences Laboratory (FMSL) was established at AFIP in 2012. This laboratory comprises two sections namely: Forensic Toxicology and Forensic DNA. FMSL was established to provide a centralized facility for consistent, timely and quality forensic laboratory investigations including toxicology and DNA in military setting. Toxicology section is equipped with the latest state of the art technology for the initial screening and subsequent confirmation of multiple toxicology paramete...
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Haematology
Department of Haematology provides a comprehensive, integrated and patient centered services for the diagnosis and management of benign and malignant haematological conditions for inpatients and outpatients. These include anaemias, haemoglobinopathies, coagulation disorders, leukaemias and lymphomas. Department is committed to the provision of a quality laboratory and clinical service. Department is divided into the following sections: i. Routine Haematology ii. Bone marrow Pathology iii. ...
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Histopathology
Histopathology Department of AFIP Rawalpindi is one of the oldest histopathology centers in the country. This department deals with cases of morbid anatomy, cytological specimens and autopsy specimens for histopathology with almost workload of 30,000 biopsy specimens, 4,000 FNAC/Cytology specimens and 150 autopsy specimens annually. Histopathology Department is recognized by CPSP Pakistan and PMDC for post-graduate training purposes including FCPS and PhD of the highest quality. A large numbe...
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Immunology
With the advent of new millennium, Immunology services at AFIP have advanced at a fast pace. Thanks to growing awareness about the availability of these services by the clinicians as well as the emergence of centres like AFBMTC. DNA based HLA typing procedure received a huge impetus with the start of bone marrow transplant services. Workload and work pattern necessitated procurement of many new reagents and instruments. These acquisitions ranged from small gadgets like pH meter, nephelometer, CO...
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Microbiology
Department of Microbiology is well known for its efficient and reliable microbiological services to individual patients and the hospitals. This department deals with all kinds of routine and specialized microbiological testing of clinical specimens with supreme professionalism, dedication and commitment. Latest bacterial identification biochemical panels identify the isolates and complete set of respective drug sensitivity is performed. Culture and processing of most valuable sample of blood...
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Molecular Pathology
Department of Molecular Medicine at Armed Forces Institute of Pathology was established by Maj Gen (R) Suhaib Ahmed, Professor of Haematology in 1984, as a single room laboratory. It started with conventional PCR for beta thalassmeia. Presently it provides facilities for molecular genetic testing for both benign and malignant conditions. Well qualified and experienced laboratory directors, scientific officers and technicians here are leaders in the field of molecular testing in Pakistan, who con...
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NMC
Nuclear Medical Centre AFIP is state of the art centre for nuclear medicine, molecular imaging & radionuclide therapy, which is committed to improve health through excellence in image-based patient care, research and education. Department is ISO 9001 certified and is functioning under license for use of radionuclides from Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority (PNRA). In General Nuclear Medicine and Cardiology, the radioactive pharmaceuticals with specific functions throughout the body are admini...
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Virology
Virology is a rapidly expanding field of medicine, and Virology Department in AFIP plays a very vital role in assisting physicians about the diagnosis of viral infections. This department provides specialized tertiary care diagnostic facilities in the field of Medical Virology to both Armed Forces personnel and civilians. We have a wide variety of serological, immunofluorescence and PCR-based tests. Serology section includes important parameters like hepatitis screening, complete Hepatitis B Vi...
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Department of Microbiology is well known for its efficient and reliable microbiological services to individual patients and the hospitals. This department deals with all kinds of routine and specialized microbiological testing of clinical specimens with supreme professionalism, dedication and commitment.

Latest bacterial identification biochemical panels identify the isolates and complete set of respective drug sensitivity is performed. Culture and processing of most valuable sample of blood is carried out on fully automated blood cultures systems, that provide rapid diagnosis and isolation rate fully comparable to any advanced diagnostic center across the globe. Latest automated bacterial and fungal identification and sensitivity-testing systems (Vitek® and MicroScan®) are proud possessions of the department, as the backbone of our quality diagnostic services.

Pakistan is endemic for tuberculosis and so are the diligent efforts of this department to provide early and accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis. Latent tuberculosis is diagnosed by conventional Mantoux test as well as latest QunatiFeron- TB Gold® test. Active tuberculosis is diagnosed on state of the art automated MGIT® 960 system and WHO recommended GeneXpert® mycobacterial genetic identification and drug susceptibility testing.

Diagnosis of fungal infections, food and water for bacteriological testing, disinfectant efficiency testing and environmental screening for microbial air count are some of the distinctive features of our Department of Microbiology.
Distinctive Competence
Well acquainted with the latest guidelines of infection control practices, the untiring efforts of the Department have led to timely identification and control of serious infections in our hospitals. Faculty of this Department is fully committed to spread awareness of antibiotic stewardship, infection control practices, biosafety and biosecurity at all tiers. Research and effective training of doctors and laboratory technologists by this department is also a symbol of pride for Armed Forces in general and AFIP in particular. We have held number of workshops, symposia, and awareness lectures in our institute and other hospitals. Our departmental input is paying a pivotal role in patient care at high dependency units, organ transplant units, reconstructive surgical wards, pediatrics units and other areas of significance in the hospitals.
Facilities
  • Routine Microbiology
  • Bacterial Serology
  • Molecular Microbiology
  • Mycology
  • Parasitology
  • Mycobacteriology
  • Food & Water Testing
  • Surveillance
  • Clinical Path
Latest Publications
1.     Evaluation of Nitrate Reductase Assay for Early Detection of Multi and Extensively Drug Resistance Tuberculosis in our Setup.,Ikram AI, Satti ML, Lalani FK, Zaman G, Gardezi AH, Ahmed P, J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2018 Jan;28(1):22-25. doi: 10.29271/jcpsp.2018.01.22.

3.     Maj Fatima Sana Pattern of Blood Stream Infection in neonatal sepsis in NICU in a tertiary care hospital Journal of Hospital Infection 2017

5.     Maj Tahir Ghafoor Sensitivity Pattern of Second Line Anti-Tuberculosis Drugs against Clincal Isolates of Multidrug Resistant Mycobacterium Tuberculosis JCPSP 2015

2.     Dr. Farida Khurram Bhamani Comparison of antibiotic susceptibility between pigmented & non pigmented strains of P. aeruginosa isolated from clinical specimens in a tertiary care setting. JCPSP 2017

4.     Maj Adeel Hussain Gardezi Linezolid resistant Staphylococcus hemolyticus isolated form leukaemic patient- First case report from Pakistan JCPSP 2017

6.     Capt Anam Imtiaz Evaluation of direct drug susceptibility testing of blood culture comparing it with conventional disk diffusion testing. Journal of Clinical Microbiology

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Contact
AFIP, Range Road, CMH Complex, Rawalpindi.

   (+92) 051-517 6415
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    care@afip.gov.pk

Important Links
  • Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology
    AFIC

  • National University of Medical Sciences
    NUMS

  • Pakistan Medical & Dental Council
    PMDC

  • The College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan
    CPSP

  • Pakistan Journal of Pathology
    PJP
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